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Politics and Propaganda

Politics and Propaganda

From Hitler’s rise to power in 1933 until the liberation in 1945, music played an integral role in daily life under Nazism. The Nazi Party used music in its publicity, policy, and propaganda, and attempted to 'cleanse' the German musical world of 'degeneracy'.

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Resistance & Exile

Resistance & Exile

While for the vast majority of Nazi inmates armed resistance was almost impossible, isolated groups were able to engage in organised resistance—and music often supported their cause.

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Responses

Responses

The Nazi ghettos and camps housed millions of people from across Europe, and their responses to internment were as diverse as the religions, ages, and nationalities they represented.

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Memory

Memory

Music has played an integral role in Holocaust commemoration since the immediate post-war period. In the late 1940s, Jewish Holocaust survivors established a lively and diverse musical life in Displaced Persons’ camps in Allied-occupied Europe, particularly in the American zone of occupied Germany.

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Resistencia y exilio

Goldschmidt, Berthold

Resistencia y exilio

Bohuslav Martinu

In 1939 the Czech composer Bohuslav Martinů (1890-1959) tried to join the Resistance in France but was not accepted because of his age.

Respuesta

Brundibár

Respuesta
Restoration and Restitution

Richard Fuchs

Richard Fuchs was a German Jewish architect, artist and composer who founded the Baden-Wurttenberg branch of the Jüdischer Kulturbund (Jewish Cultural League).

Respuesta
Restoration and Restitution

Wilhelm Rettich

Wilhelm Rettich was a German composer, conductor and teacher. He fled to the Netherlands in 1933 and survived the Nazi occupation by hiding in a cellar.

Kon, Henech

Cantante
Actor

Turkov, Yonas

Song Writer
Actor
Director

Blumenfeld, Diana

Músico
Cantante
Actor

Schmidt, Joseph

Emigrar
Cantante
Actor
Cantor

Ullman, Viktor

Profesor de música
Compositor
Conductor

Taube, Carlo

Músico
Compositor
Conductor

Simon, James

Compositor

Schächter, Rafael

Músico
Compositor
Conductor

Eisenstadt, Dovid

Compositor
Conductor

Veksler, Misha

Compositor
Conductor

Gerron, Kurt

Actor
Director

Langhoff, Wolfgang

Actor
Director

Weill, Kurt

Emigrar
Compositor

Schoenberg, Arnold

Emigrar
Compositor

Pfitzner, Hans

nazi
Compositor

Moser, Hans Joachim

Musicólogo
nazi

Sutzkever, Avraham

Partidista
Poeta

Rudnitski, Leah

Partidista
Poeta

Partisanos

Partidista

Kaczerginski, Shmerke

Músico
Partidista
Poeta

Glick, Hirsh

Partidista
Poeta

Los Testigos de Jehová

Testigo de Jehová

Frost, Erich Hugo

Músico
Testigo de Jehová

Strauss, Leo

Song Writer
Músico

Ledec, Egon

Músico
Compositor

Gerigk, Herbert

nazi
Musicólogo

Nadel, Arno

Musicólogo
Poeta
Compositor

Hans Keller

Emigrar
Musicólogo

Austrian-born British musicologist and music critic Hans Keller (1919-1985), who made significant contributions to musicology and music criticism, was arrested by the Nazis and forced to leave Austria following the Anschluss in 1938.

Braun, Paulina

Song Writer
Compositor

Volkoviski, Alek

Song Writer
Compositor

Trupyanski, Yankl

Song Writer
Profesor de música

Czajkowska, Zofia

Profesor de música
Músico
Conductor

Neumeyer, Hans

Profesor de música
Compositor

Peter Gellhorn

Emigrar
Profesor de música
Músico
Compositor
Conductor

German conductor, composer and pianist Peter Gellhorn (1912-2004) fled Germany during the 1930s and settled in London. He conducted at the Royal Opera House, Sadler’s Wells and Glyndebourne.

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