Partisans of Vilna
Partisan warfare served both national and personal objectives, allowing Jews to play a role in the war against Nazism and to avenge the murders of their families and fellow Jews.
Prisoners' orchestra in Auschwitz
Prisoners' orchestra during a Sunday concert for the SS-men in Auschwitz. The orchestra was probably conducted by the inmate Franciszek Nierychlo.
Aleksander Kulisiewicz was a songwriter and performer who composed 54 songs during more than five years of imprisonment in Sachsenhausen. He is also noteworthy for having created and preserved the largest collection of music composed in the Nazi camps.
Music in Theresienstadt
Theresienstadt has become synonymous with the 'music of the Shoah'. This is justified by the quality and quantity of the musical life there, which constitutes a special case in the Nazi camp system as a whole.
On this day
Violinist, Adolf Schächter (born #OTD in 1900) was the brother of Rafael Schächter. On 12 September 1942 he was deported from Prague to Theresienstadt then, on 28 September 1944 to Auschwitz where he died.
Choirmaster, conductor, teacher and composer Alfred Stadler (born #OTD 1889) was executed as a hostage in Janowska. In 1943, his name appeared on a list of hostages in Lviv, taken in retaliation for the killing of a German by Poles.
In 1939 the Czech composer Bohuslav Martinů (1890-1959) tried to join the Resistance in France but was not accepted because of his age.
La radio de música clásica en Gran Bretaña durante la guerra
Los judíos y la música en la Italia fascista
Richard Fuchs was a German Jewish architect, artist and composer who founded the Baden-Wurttenberg branch of the Jüdischer Kulturbund (Jewish Cultural League).
Wilhelm Rettich was a German composer, conductor and teacher. He fled to the Netherlands in 1933 and survived the Nazi occupation by hiding in a cellar.
Austrian-born British musicologist and music critic Hans Keller (1919-1985), who made significant contributions to musicology and music criticism, was arrested by the Nazis and forced to leave Austria following the Anschluss in 1938.
German conductor, composer and pianist Peter Gellhorn (1912-2004) fled Germany during the 1930s and settled in London. He conducted at the Royal Opera House, Sadler’s Wells and Glyndebourne.