Partisans of Vilna
Partisan warfare served both national and personal objectives, allowing Jews to play a role in the war against Nazism and to avenge the murders of their families and fellow Jews.
Prisoners' orchestra in Auschwitz
Prisoners' orchestra during a Sunday concert for the SS-men in Auschwitz. The orchestra was probably conducted by the inmate Franciszek Nierychlo.
Aleksander Kulisiewicz was a songwriter and performer who composed 54 songs during more than five years of imprisonment in Sachsenhausen. He is also noteworthy for having created and preserved the largest collection of music composed in the Nazi camps.
Music in Theresienstadt
Theresienstadt has become synonymous with the 'music of the Shoah'. This is justified by the quality and quantity of the musical life there, which constitutes a special case in the Nazi camp system as a whole.
On this day
Composer, pianist and conductor Franz Mittler (born #OTD in 1893) was popular in Vienna in the 20s and 30s. On Mar 12 1938 he emigrated to New York, where, in 1939, he gave a concert for President Franklin D. Roosevelt.
Actor Fritz Lerner was born #OTD in 1906. He was deported to Terezin Nov 1942 then Auschwitz Sep 1944. He was part of the cast that performed Viktor Ullmann’s Die Weise von Liebe und Tod des Cornets Christoph Rilke. He died in Auschwitz 30 Oct 1944.
Bass singer Karel Berman was born #OTD 1919. Sent to Terezin on 6 Mar 1943, he sang in operas and recitals and was cast as 'Death' in Ullmann’s Der Kaiser von Atlantis. Transported to Auschwitz on 28 Sep 1944, he was liberated from the Allach camp.
Werner Wolf Glaser
Werner Wolf Glaser (born #OTD 1913) lost his job as a répétiteur at the Chemnitz opera house after only a few months in Feb 1932 because of his Jewish origin. He returned to Cologne to work as a choirmaster but on Apr 9 1933 he went into exile in France.
In 1939 the Czech composer Bohuslav Martinů (1890-1959) tried to join the Resistance in France but was not accepted because of his age.
La radio de música clásica en Gran Bretaña durante la guerra
Los judíos y la música en la Italia fascista
Richard Fuchs was a German Jewish architect, artist and composer who founded the Baden-Wurttenberg branch of the Jüdischer Kulturbund (Jewish Cultural League).
Wilhelm Rettich was a German composer, conductor and teacher. He fled to the Netherlands in 1933 and survived the Nazi occupation by hiding in a cellar.
Austrian-born British musicologist and music critic Hans Keller (1919-1985), who made significant contributions to musicology and music criticism, was arrested by the Nazis and forced to leave Austria following the Anschluss in 1938.
German conductor, composer and pianist Peter Gellhorn (1912-2004) fled Germany during the 1930s and settled in London. He conducted at the Royal Opera House, Sadler’s Wells and Glyndebourne.