Política y Propaganda

Swing as an Attitude Towards Life

Despite discrimination against jazz music and jazz culture in the Third Reich, swing found an enthusiastic and dance-hungry audience. For a group of mostly young fans, however, swing music and dancing represented more than a passing fad.

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Entartete Musik and Entartete Kunst in the Third Reich

Nazi ideology extended to cultural and social life, imposing strict controls over art, music, literature and film and works that were considered Entartete, or ‘degenerate.’ This regulation of cultural life culminated in two exhibitions: Entartete Kunst and Entartete Musik.

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Jüdischer Kulturbund in Berlin

Kurt Baumann developed the preliminary plan for the Jüdischer Kulturbund, to be set in Berlin, in the first months of 1933.                                                                                                                                  

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Hitlerjugend (HJ) and the Bund Deutscher Mädel (BDM)

By 1945, the Hitlerjugend (HJ, or Hitler Youth) included almost every German boy in the Reich; hundreds of thousands of girls were incorporated into its sister organisation, the Bund Deutscher Mädel (BDM, or League of German Girls).

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Charlie and his Orchestra

Charlie and His Orchestra was a Jazz band created especially for the radio show "Germany Calling" in April 1940 by the Nazi Propaganda Ministry. This musical form of propaganda contributed to the spread of Nazi ideology and conveyed a defeatist message to British audience.

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Wagner, Richard

Compositor

Pfitzner, Hans

nazi
Compositor

Orff, Carl

Compositor

Klemperer, Otto

Compositor
Conductor

Havemann, Gustav

Músico
nazi
Conductor

Furtwängler, Wilhelm

Compositor
Conductor

Clemens Krauss

Conductor

Clemens Heinrich Krauss (1893-1954) was an Austrian conductor and opera impresario, particularly associated with the music of Richard Strauss. Called ‘the most powerful man in German opera,’ and a ‘culture leader’, his career advanced significantly under the Nazi regime.

Myra Hess

Músico
Director

Dame Julia Myra Hess, DBE (1890-1965) was an English pianist, best known for her performances of the works of Bach, Mozart, Beethoven and Schumann. During WWII, she put on concerts at the National Gallery to raise morale.

Franz Schmidt

Músico
Compositor

After the Anschluss in 1938, Franz Schmidt (1874-1939) was named the greatest living composer in the Ostmark by the Nazis. At the premiere of his Das Buch mit Sieben Siegeln, it was reported that Schmidt made a Nazi salute.

Karlrobert Kreiten

Músico

Pianist Karlrobert Kreiten (1916-1943) was overheard saying Hitler was ‘brutal, sick and insane,’ by a Nazi sympathiser. He was executed by hanging. The day after his execution, his mother discovered her clemency plea had been accepted.

Jack Hylton

Músico

Jack Hylton (1892-1965) and his band made regular tours in Germany during the 30s when Nazis were banning jazz music. During WWII, Jack Hylton and His Orchestra disbanded, having out-sold every other band in Europe.

Charlie and His Orchestra

Músico
Conductor

Charlie and his Orchestra were a Nazi-sponsored German propaganda swing band. They chose to play jazz standards that were popular with English listeners but with modified lyrics. This musical form of propaganda contributed to the spread of Nazi ideology and conveyed a defeatist message in the ranks of the Nazi enemy, British or American.

Maurice Chevalier

Cantante
Actor

Piaf, Edith

Cantante

Marlene Dietrich

Cantante
Actor

Marie Magdalene "Marlene" Dietrich was a German-American actress and singer. Throughout her long career, which spanned from the 1910s to the 1980s, she continually reinvented herself. In 1920s Berlin, Dietrich acted on the stage and in silent films.

Moser, Hans Joachim

Musicólogo
nazi

Gerigk, Herbert

nazi
Musicólogo

Blessinger, Karl

nazi
Compositor

Política y propaganda

Karl Amadeus Hartmann

Karl Amadeus Hartmann was a socialist German composer active during both world wars. He studied under a number of leading musicians, including Joseph Haas (who

Política y propaganda

Música en el Tercer Reich

Política y propaganda

Strauss, Richard