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Politics and Propaganda

Politics and Propaganda

From Hitler’s rise to power in 1933 until the liberation in 1945, music played an integral role in daily life under Nazism. The Nazi Party used music in its publicity, policy, and propaganda, and attempted to 'cleanse' the German musical world of 'degeneracy'.

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Resistance & Exile

Resistance & Exile

While for the vast majority of Nazi inmates armed resistance was almost impossible, isolated groups were able to engage in organised resistance—and music often supported their cause.

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Responses

Responses

The Nazi ghettos and camps housed millions of people from across Europe, and their responses to internment were as diverse as the religions, ages, and nationalities they represented.

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Memory

Memory

Music has played an integral role in Holocaust commemoration since the immediate post-war period. In the late 1940s, Jewish Holocaust survivors established a lively and diverse musical life in Displaced Persons’ camps in Allied-occupied Europe, particularly in the American zone of occupied Germany.

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Featured Articles

Памяти

Музыка в лагерях для перемещенных лиц

RU The Displaced Persons’ (DP) camps of occupied post-war Europe were home to a diverse range of musical activities. In the American and British zones of occupa

Памяти

Музыка в лагере Берген-Бельзен

RU Following the liberation of the concentration camp Bergen-Belsen on 15 April 1945, British occupation forces established a Displaced Persons’ (DP) camp for

Сопротивление и Изгнание

Гольдшмидт Бертольд

RU One of the most interesting dimensions of World War II was the diverse and creative use of propaganda. The 1936 Berlin Olympics and American pamphlets procla

Сопротивление и Изгнание

Bohuslav Martinu

In 1939 the Czech composer Bohuslav Martinů (1890-1959) tried to join the Resistance in France but was not accepted because of his age.

Политика и пропаганда

Евреи и музыка в фашистской Италии

RU The modern nation of Italy had existed for barely more than sixty years when, in October 1922, Benito Mussolini became the country’s prime minister.

Ответная реакция

Брундибар

Ответная реакция
Restoration and Restitution

Рихард Фукс

[Translate to Russian:] Richard Fuchs was a German Jewish architect, artist and composer who founded the Baden-Wurttenberg branch of the Jüdischer Kulturbund (Jewish Cultural League).

Ответная реакция
Restoration and Restitution

Вильгельм Реттих

[Translate to Russian:] Wilhelm Rettich was a German composer, conductor and teacher. He fled to the Netherlands in 1933 and survived the Nazi occupation by hiding in a cellar.

Кон Генех

певец
Актер

Турков Йонас

Song Writer
Актер
директор

Блюменфельд Диана

Музыкант
певец
Актер

Йозеф Шмидт

эмигрант
певец
Актер
кантор

Ульман Виктор

Учитель музыки
Композитор
дирижер

Карло Таубе

Музыкант
Композитор
дирижер

Симон Ямес

Композитор

Шахтер Рафаэль

Музыкант
Композитор
дирижер

Эйзенштадт Довид

Композитор
дирижер

Векслер Миша

Композитор
дирижер

Геррон Курт

Актер
директор

Лангхофф Вольфганг

Актер
директор

Вайль Курт

эмигрант
Композитор

Шёнберг Арнольд

эмигрант
Композитор

Пфицнер Ханс

нацист
Композитор

Мозер Ганс-Иоахим

музыковед
нацист

Суцкевер Авраам

партизан
Поэт

Рудницкая Лея

партизан
Поэт

Партизаны

партизан

Качергинский Шмерке

Музыкант
партизан
Поэт

Глик Хирш

партизан
Поэт

Свидетели Иеговы

свидетель Иеговы

Erich Hugo Frost

Музыкант
свидетель Иеговы

Composer and musician Erich Hugo Frost (1900-1987) was imprisoned several times in prisons and concentration camps between 1934 and 1945. He composed ‘Fest steht in großer, schwerer Zeit (Stand Fast in Great and Hard Times) in the spring of 1941.

Штраус Лео

Song Writer
Музыкант

Ледек Эгон

Музыкант
Композитор

Голд Артур

Музыкант

Геригк Герберт

нацист
музыковед

Надель Арно

музыковед
Поэт
Композитор

ХАНС КЕЛЛЕР

эмигрант
музыковед

[Translate to Russian:] Austrian-born British musicologist and music critic Hans Keller (1919-1985), who made significant contributions to musicology and music criticism, was arrested by the Nazis and forced to leave Austria following the Anschluss in 1938.

Браун Паулина

Song Writer
Композитор

Волковыский Алек

Song Writer
Композитор

Трупянский Янкель

Song Writer
Учитель музыки

Чайковская Зофия

Учитель музыки
Музыкант
дирижер

Неймер Ганс

Учитель музыки
Композитор

ПИТЕР ГЕЛЛХОРН

эмигрант
Учитель музыки
Музыкант
Композитор
дирижер

[Translate to Russian:] German conductor, composer and pianist Peter Gellhorn (1912-2004) fled Germany during the 1930s and settled in London. He conducted at the Royal Opera House, Sadler’s Wells and Glyndebourne.

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