Сопротивление и изгнание

Composers in Exile

Schönberg was one of many composers (including Ernst Toch and Igor Stravinsky) who ended up in the warm climate of California, and like many others he found it difficult to adjust at first to a life outside Europe.

продолжить чтение

Partisans

During World War II, many Jews defied their Nazi oppressors by actively taking part in an underground war of resistance. This partisan warfare, carried out by clandestine forces operating inside enemy territory, was widespread in the forests and marshlands of Eastern Europe.

продолжить чтение

Beethoven's 5th Symphony

The opening motif of Beethoven's 5th Symphony became a powerful symbol for the Allied forces. Corresponding in Morse code to the letter 'V' for Victory, it was most famously made by Winston Churchill forming a 'V' with his fingers.

продолжить чтение

Berlin Cabaret in Exile

The 1920s heralded a ‘Golden-Age’ of German cabaret (Kabarett), with clubs such as Max Reinhardt’s Schall und Rauch (Sound and Smoke) and Trude Hesterberg’s Wilde Bühne (Wild Stage) in Berlin, and Die Elf Scharfrichter (Eleven Executioners) in Munich offering hedonistic, avant-garde, risqué entertainment.

продолжить чтение

Varian Fry and Alma Mahler-Werfel

Sometimes known as the American Schindler, Varian Fry rescued more than 1,000 people from Nazi persecution in France and Germany during 1940-41.                                                                                          

продолжить чтение

Шёнберг Арнольд

эмигрант
Композитор

Гольдшмидт Бертольд

эмигрант
Композитор

ХАНС ЭЙСЛЕР

эмигрант
Композитор

Йозеф Шмидт

эмигрант
певец
Актер
кантор

Партизаны

партизан

Качергинский Шмерке

Музыкант
партизан
Поэт

Сопротивление и Изгнание

Гольдшмидт Бертольд

RU One of the most interesting dimensions of World War II was the diverse and creative use of propaganda. The 1936 Berlin Olympics and American pamphlets procla

Сопротивление и Изгнание

Bohuslav Martinu

In 1939 the Czech composer Bohuslav Martinů (1890-1959) tried to join the Resistance in France but was not accepted because of his age.

Сопротивление и Изгнание

Интернирование в Англии, музыка и Ганс Галь

RU When war broke out in September 1939, the British government established tribunals to evaluate the potential security risk of all resident German and Austri

Сопротивление и Изгнание

Композиторы в изгнании

RU For many Jewish composers, the rise of Nazism in Germany and Austria resulted in a stark choice: stay and submit to an unknown future in an increasingly host

Сопротивление и Изгнание

Хубер Курт

RU For most musicians living under Hitler, the threat of unemployment and artistic censure, fear for their lives and those of their loved ones, and a sense of i

Сопротивление и Изгнание

Двойная жизнь французского джаза